Hebrew Word of the Day: Sin, Righteousness, Blessed

The root letters for Chatthat are:

Chet represents ‘separation by a wall’; ‘protection from enemy’;

Tet represents a coiled serpent, a basket which stores things;

Aleph is the strong leader in authority

Tav is a cross like a sign [like x marks the spot].

With the last two letters we can see a connection with the Aleph Tav [in Greek we know this as the Alpha Omega, the beginning and the last which Yahuwshua and Yahovah are];

Words Translated as Sin, Wickedness and Iniquity

Despite what some people say, there are different kinds of sin and iniquities so look up the Hebrew word when reading  the bible as it may make the difference in your understanding. If God viewed all sin the same then surely he would forgive all but he wont:

Matthew 12

30″He who is not with me is against me, and he who does not gather with me scatters.

31And so I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.

32Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.

Sin may be caused by ignorance, foolishness, pure evil, confusion, being morally unrighteous… I will discuss the Hebrew words which relay these.

Chata [Chet, Tet, Aleph] means ‘sin’ as a crime or an offence. It seems mankind [represented by Chet i.e. life] are separated from the father [aleph – strong authority], by the enemy [tet – a snake] and in order to repair the relationship the chatthat is required.

Chata more specifically means to miss the mark [like when you are trying to throw a dart at a dartboard and you miss the bullseye – you havent achieved what you were supposed to]. This type of sin usually comes about through ignorance i.e. like the ignorance of Chavvah in the garden of Eden, or simply the ignorance of those who do not know the Lord and thus do not know what they are doing is wrong.

Avah [Ayin, Resh, Hei], means to make crooked [i.e. walk a crooked path], commit iniquity, do wrong. As i mentioned above sin may be done in ignorance. Chata refers to ‘missing the mark’ [just not getting it], whereas avah refers more to just doing things we perhaps know we shouldnt do i.e. we know the straight path, but choose to walk a crooked path.

Aval [Ayin, Vav, Lamed] and Avon/avan [Ayin, Vav, Nun] mean wickedness, evil, unrighteousness [morally]. Avan means eye but in the sense of to watch jealously. These types of people are completely off track, they are just doing what they want with no apparent care for the consequences.

Aven [Aleph, Vav, Nun] means to pant, exert oneself but usually in vain. This type of iniquity, ‘wickedness’ is referring to those who worship false idols, religions etc. These people aren’t like those who just avoid following the straight path or are ignorant of it, rather, they have chosen to follow a different path and are doing so with full dedication [of course in vain].

Havvah [Hei, Vav, Hei] means iniquity in the sense of eagerly coveting and rushing upon, desire and sighing, being mischievous, naughty. Perhaps these people are thrill seekers and so are not necessarily evil, they just like pushing the boundaries. Perhaps they know there will be consequences for their actions but they like to take the risk.

Rasha [Resh, Shin, Ayin] is to do wrong, make trouble. They are an actively bad person, ungodly and wicked.


The whole point of mentioning paths is because the goal in life is righteousness.

Tsadaq [Tsadi, Dalet, Qoph] – Righteousness, just, lawful, cleansed; figurative for prosperity

Derek [Dalet, Reh, Kaph] – A trodden road, figuratively a course of life or mode of action

Halak [Hei, Lamed, Kaph] – to walk;  Helek – journey,

Orach [Aleph, Resh, Hei] – A well trodden road, path;

Note that the root RCh [as in Ruwach i.e. spirit], means a ‘to follow a prescribed route’. This route has been established by Yahuvah thus has set a well trodden path for life.

Yashar [Yud, Shin, Resh] – to be right, straight, level, upright, just, lawful, smooth; figurative for being pleasant and agreeable.

NB. Yisra’el [Yud, Shin, Resh, Aleph, Lamed] – Israel; Please read the post on Hebrew names. Note that the root YSh refers to existence [not as existence as a whole like YHWH or Hayah, rather existence as in what ‘is’. It is also found in the name of Yahuwshua, who Is/was and will always be, but in a ‘sensible’ way i.e. what we can see whereas Yahuwah is/was/will always be in a way that is ‘non-sensible’ i.e. we will never understand, and since Yahuwshua knows him it is only through him we could even slightly comprehend him.

Ashar [Aleph, Shin, Resh]

to go straight, walk, go on, advance, make progress; to be made happy, be blessed


Righteousness is the walking of a straight path, the lines and direction being set by Yahuvah via the torah – which is not ‘law’, that translation removes the meaning entirely.  The torah is a guide to enable us to walk a straight path [action of righteousness]. It sets the direction we should take, not MUST take. Its important to realise that it is our action of righteousness which causes us to continue walking/advance down the straight path.  The Torah cannot directly affect ‘how’ to walk, it only tells us ‘where’ to walk.

We must have desire do carry out his will, Yahuvah wouldn’t feel joy if we treated like a chore, a laborious task that we had to do, as this was not the intention of setting the guide for us. I’m sure he wouldn’t be angry with those who do that, but more disappointed that they fail to see the rewards that come from it and how wonderful his will truly is. As i mentioned, ruach means to follow a prescribed path. This is by the holy spirit which we must follow and be led by to the correct path in life as outlined by Christ. Through our continued righteousness, we will remain upright and just, happy/blessed – we’ll find we are progressing in the journey of life.

There are some people who were lead by grace onto this path by the holy spirit. Should they completely deny the holy spirit, completely deny the ability to do what is good in the sight of the Lord he will not forgive you on Earth, nor in the Kingdom. After reading the above quote its made me believe that some people may possibly be forgiven in Heaven depending on the circumstances of course and that still isn’t an excuse to not change seeing that Yahuvah is not stupid, he knows your intentions. For example, consider the Jews who back then were shown an amazing number of miracles, it is them who would have testified about Yahuvah, who would’ve written about him and those works would’ve reached us. Who knows how things would be if only they knew the signs were from Yahuvah. Perhaps we would’ve had more faith if there were hundreds of thousands of testimonies, from all over the place which all clearly told the truth about Yahuwshua, but no there are but a few, though of course significant enough to have lasted over 2000 years and influenced us.

They not only accused him of being a demon, they protested against him, gossiped, warned others thus spreading their lies and poisoning their minds, further they murdered him and those who followed him, all in the name of ‘God’. How in heaven could the Lord forgive such people wo claimed they were Godly? I believe it is this sort of person who will never be forgiven along with terrorists, and people just bent on evil, those who truly in their hearts enjoy making others suffer and refuse to change. These people aren’t chata’, avah, havvah, [ignorantly, foolishly doing wrong], they are ra [evil]. I believe Yahuvah provides us with the holy spirit giving us plenty of opportunities to turn our lives around. Look at Saul aka Paul as an example who took the chance to turn from evil to good, an it is his goodness [from God] that he is remembered for after all this time. Clearly those who deny the holy spirit are ‘not of his flock’. Yahuwshua said:

John 10

16And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

24Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.

25Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father’s name, they bear witness of me.

26But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

27My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

Mark 9:

43If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life maimed than with two hands to go into hell, where the fire never goes out.

45And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than to have two feet and be thrown into hell.

47And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell

Some people believe these words said in Mark are literal but i believe it is figurative and they are all saying the same thing, the repetition three times is something Yahuwshua is known for. For example the Hebrew word for eye also means iniquity so he may have been saying to ‘pluck out’ your iniquity. Its better to enter the Kingdom downcast, beaten up, aware of our iniquities, than pretending there is no problem i.e. remaining as you are/not even trying to change or not willing to go through the difficult process of removing all that is bad within us. He’d rather have us broken trying to do right, than joyful and not trying at all. The people chosen to be a part of his fold were originally the Jews. But in Yahuvahs great mercy there are those not of his fold [Gentiles] whom he also must bring. In times of late it now has become the Christians and non-Christians.

We must do our part to help non-believers of Christ e.g. consider it like being part of Christs flock. Whilst he is gathering the flock that isnt his but which he must bring along to pasture, we must either go with him in full obedience, no misbehaving etc and when he says so we wait patiently for him to return to us without wondering away. I guess it follows his life and death whereby in his life his disciples followed him in full obedience gathering up the flock, and all consequent people were told to patiently wait for his return.


One Response to Hebrew Word of the Day: Sin, Righteousness, Blessed

  1. Pingback: Interpretation of: Isaiah 40 « Unearthing the Hebrew 'Dvar-Elohim'!

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