Philosophy: Metaphor of the Sun; Form of the Good

Plato uses the sun as a metaphor for the source of “illumination” [could be seen as intellectual illumination], which he held to be the Form of the Good. This ‘good’ can be viewed as Yahovah. NB i will be writing my views in brackets, these are not what Plato said but is my take on the situation.

The Sun is described in a simile as the child or offspring of the Form of the Good, in that, like the sun which makes physical objects visible and generates life on earth, the Good makes all other Universals intelligible [via nous-faith], and in some sense provides being to all other Forms, though the Good itself exceeds being. It is an absolute measure of justice – see post on Platos justice.

Plato writes that the Form (Idea) of the Good is the ultimate object of knowledge [knowledge of God], although it is not knowledge itself [knowledge comes from the word], and from the Good, things that are just gain their usefulness and value [the Lord treasures those who follow his guide]. Humans are compelled to pursue the good [he placed knowledge of him in our hearts though is hidden], but no one can hope to do this successfully without philosophical reasoning [we need to use our nous – faith else we will never find the good].

According to Plato, true knowledge  is not about material things and imperfect things which we see daily, rather it is the investigation of the nature of those purer and more perfect patterns which are the models after which all created beings are formed i.e Yahuwah, but attainable through Yahuwshua].

Plato supposes these perfect types to exist from all eternity and calls them the Forms or Ideas. Yahuwshua said he had always been with the father from the beginning. The father knew what he wanted for mankind, so along with the a Form [idea] of the perfect man was within him which came into existence 1AD.  As a Form, Yahuwshua would’ve been with the Father who is the forms [yet is whole within himself]. As these Forms can not be perceived by human senses, whatever knowledge we attain of them must be seen through the mind’s eye. Any ideas derived from the concrete world is unsatisfactory and uncertain. Plato suggests that justice, truth, equality, beauty, and many others ultimately derive from the Form of the Good.

The metaphor of the Sun is about how we come to know the true nature of ultimate reality. For example, Plato views the eye as unusual in that it needs a medium in order to function.

The strongest and best source of light is the sun and with it, it allows us to separate things through discernment.  He says this is analogous to intelligible objects [things of this Earth are a shadow of the true thing, and true things require intelligence to be known]. He says the fixed and eternal forms are what are real and true, and the medium by which we get to them is scientific and philosophical study.

A reinterpretation of something Plato said reads – when we are firmly fixed on the truth and reality of Yahuwah, its like a enlightenment allowing us clear sight and we seem to have knowledge and reason. When we are placed in darkness however, the enlightenment disappears we lose spiritual sight, and our reason dwindles.

He mentions “the world of becoming and passing away”. Passing away occurs when we attempt to understand why things are as they are, without reference to any forms (which are transcendent). We appear without reason because its not taking into consideration the truth [true form], but a mere shadow of it [what we see]… The truth is light and reason, illuminated by the highest of the forms, i.e. that of the Good [Yahuwshua].

Plato states that true being resides in the world of the Forms, and it is there where we must direct our intellects to have knowledge, wisdom. We must think of Godly things.

Plato also says that the sun and the Good (“the object of knowledge”) are both sources of “generation”: Plato discusses that the sun not only gives us the power to see, but it also provides for growth, nourishment, nurture and generation though it is not itself generation [it is self sustaining]. Similarly he says, the objects of knowledge exist from the presence of the Good [Yahuwshua as the word], but also their very existence and essence is derived to them from the Good [i.e.the word exists because of Yahuwshua; Yahuwshua imparts his essence to the word], though the good itself is not essence [Yahowah is an unknowable essence who made part of it knowable via Yahuwshua].

The philosophical dispute on the theory of Forms is about how one thing can be many things [also a debate in Christianity, how Yahovah can be Yahuwshua and Holy Spirit also]. Plato says the ‘good’ is the source of being of the Forms which sheds light on all other Forms, yet all these things are one [i.e. a universal – what particular things have in common, namely characteristics or qualities. They are repeatable/recurrent entities that can be instantiated or exemplified by many particular things].

Mankind are joined to Yahuwshua who comes from the Father. He shed light on how we should treat each other. He spoke of love, note that all he said goes back to one thing and that is the Universal that is Yahovah who is one yet present within all of us. He is existence itself and we all have existence within us.

Please read the post on Platos “divided line” and allegory of the cave.

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2 Responses to Philosophy: Metaphor of the Sun; Form of the Good

  1. Pingback: Philosophy: The Earth is in Heavens Shadow « Unearthing the Hebrew 'Dvar-Elohim'!

  2. Pingback: Philosophy: Platos Analogy of the Divided Line « Unearthing the Hebrew 'Dvar-Elohim'!

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